Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR): A Pathway to Sustainable Future

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR): A Pathway to Sustainable Future

In the wake of escalating environmental challenges, the concept of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) emerges as a beacon of hope, offering a strategic framework to combat the burgeoning tide of waste and pollution. At its core, EPR embodies a fundamental shift in the paradigm of product stewardship, compelling manufacturers to assume greater accountability for the entire lifecycle of their products. This transformative approach not only fosters environmental sustainability but also ensures economic resilience and social equity.


Understanding EPR


Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) schemes serve as vital organisational mechanisms aimed at preventing and managing waste associated with specific product categories, operating on the polluter-pays principle. Under EPR, producers, including brand owners and importers, are legally mandated to finance and coordinate waste prevention and management for their products, overseen by government agencies. It’s essential to understand that EPR is distinct from a tax.


In essence, EPR embodies the principle that producers bear a shared responsibility for the environmental impacts of their products, extending beyond the point of sale to encompass their entire lifecycle – from production to disposal. By internalizing the externalities associated with waste generation and pollution, EPR incentivizes manufacturers to adopt sustainable design practices, optimize resource efficiency, and embrace circular economy principles.

One of the most compelling aspects of EPR lies in its ability to catalyze innovation and spur market-driven solutions to environmental challenges. By imposing financial and operational obligations on producers, EPR fosters a conducive environment for the development of eco-friendly alternatives, recyclable materials, and waste reduction technologies. This, in turn, drives technological advancements, enhances product performance, and ultimately fosters a culture of sustainability within the business ecosystem.


Furthermore, EPR holds the potential to revolutionize waste management systems, ushering in a new era of resource recovery and recycling. By mandating producers to take responsibility for the end-of-life management of their products, EPR incentivizes investments in recycling infrastructure, collection schemes, and waste-to-energy technologies. This not only diverts waste from landfills but also conserves valuable resources, reduces greenhouse gas emissions, and mitigates environmental pollution.

From a socio-economic standpoint, EPR fosters collaboration and partnership among stakeholders across the value chain, driving collective action towards common sustainability goals. By engaging manufacturers, retailers, consumers, and government agencies in a shared commitment to environmental stewardship, EPR promotes transparency, accountability, and trust within the marketplace. Moreover, it empowers consumers with information and choices, enabling them to make informed decisions that align with their values and preferences.


EPR Compliance for Plastic Waste in India


India grapples with a staggering 3.5 million tonnes of plastic waste each year. To tackle this, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) introduced the Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016 (PWM Rules). These rules put the onus on plastic waste generators to curb waste production, prevent littering, segregate waste properly and hand over sorted waste as per regulations.


In February 2022, the Ministry rolled out comprehensive guidelines on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) specifically for plastic packaging. These guidelines offer a structured framework to bolster the circular economy of plastic packaging waste, foster the development of alternatives to plastics and outline steps toward sustainable plastic packaging practices by businesses. Notably, the guidelines mandate the reuse of rigid plastic packaging materials to diminish the demand for fresh plastic materials in packaging.


By setting minimum recycling targets for plastic packaging waste collected under EPR and encouraging the use of recycled plastic content, these guidelines aim to slash plastic consumption and support the recycling of plastic packaging waste. The guidelines introduce a market mechanism for plastic waste management by permitting the sale and purchase of surplus extended producer responsibility certificates.


To ensure adherence to EPR obligations, the guidelines outline a system for verification and audit of enterprises. Additionally, they propose a framework for levying environmental compensation based on the polluter pays principle, penalizing producers, importers, and brand owners for failing to meet extended producer responsibility targets.


To bolster compliance, the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has initiated the issuance of show-cause notices to all unregistered Producers, Importers, and Brand Owners (PIBOs). This proactive measure aims to incentivize their registration and ensure adherence to the PWM Rules, fostering a culture of responsible waste management practices nationwide.


EPR for End-of-Life Vehicles in India


Recently, the Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change (MoEFCC) unveiled draft regulations concerning Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) for End-of-Life Vehicles (ELV). The proposed framework delineates the responsibilities of various stakeholders throughout the ELV life cycle.


The scope of the regulations encompasses a broad spectrum of entities, including producers, registered owners, consumers, collection centers, automated testing stations and registered vehicle scrapping facilities. Producers are tasked with meeting EPR obligations for newly introduced vehicles, fulfilling recycling targets, and establishing registered scrapping facilities adhering to environmentally sustainable practices. It’s worth noting that these regulations apply to all vehicle types as defined in clause (28) of section 2 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 (59 of 1988).


Furthermore, the regulations extend to encompass guidelines for the Environmentally Sound Management of End-of-Life Vehicles (ELVs) and compliance with the Automotive Industry Standard (AIS) 129. This holistic approach underscores the government’s commitment to addressing environmental concerns associated with ELVs and promoting sustainable practices within the automotive industry.


EPR for E-Waste Management in India


MoEFCC introduced the E-Waste (Management) Rules 2022 in November, 2022. Under these rules, all manufacturers, producers, refurbishers and recyclers are mandated to register on the designated portal and undertake the responsibility of collecting e-waste generated during the manufacturing, refurbishing, or disposal of electrical and electronic equipment, ensuring its proper recycling or disposal. Entities are required to register on the portal under the relevant category, whether it be manufacturer, producer, refurbisher or recycler.


Additionally, all entities covered by the regulations are obliged to submit annual and quarterly returns in the prescribed format on the portal by the end of the month following the respective quarter or year. Failure to adhere to these reporting obligations may result in penalties or other legal consequences. These regulations are applicable to a wide range of entities involved in the manufacturing, sale, transfer, purchase, refurbishment, dismantling, recycling and processing of e-waste or electrical and electronic equipment.




Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) represents a transformative approach to product stewardship, offering a pathway towards a more sustainable, circular economy. By harnessing the power of innovation, collaboration and shared accountability, EPR has the potential to revolutionize the way we produce, consume,and dispose of goods, ultimately paving the way for a brighter, more sustainable future for generations to come. As we stand at the precipice of environmental crisis, let us embrace EPR as a catalyst for change and a beacon of hope in our collective quest for a greener, more equitable world.

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EKI Energy Services Limited (‘the Company’) is committed to providing effective and prompt service to its stakeholders. The Company has in place, a designated e-mail address i.e. cs@enkingint.org for assistance and/or grievance redressal and is closely monitored by the Company Secretary of the Company. The escalation matrix for complaints relating to the securities of the Company is as provided below:

Ms. Itisha Sahu

Company Secretary

Address: 903, B-1 9th Floor, NRK Business Park, Scheme No. 54, PU4, Indore 452010, Madhya Pradesh India

Mail: cs@enkingint.org

In case of non-redressal of the complaint to the investor’s satisfaction, within a reasonable time frame, the investor may approach-

Mr. Mohit Kumar Agarwal

Chief Financial Officer

Address: 903, B-1 9th Floor, NRK Business Park, Scheme No. 54, PU4, Indore 452010, Madhya Pradesh India

Email: cfo@enkingint.org

In case a complaint is still not redressed to the investor’s satisfaction, the investor may approach the Securities and Exchange Board of India and file their grievance through “SCORES”, the centralized online system for lodging and tracking complaints.

SCORES facility can be accessed through the weblink http://scores.gov.in

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